- 1 What is the implant technique?
- 1.1 Characteristics of hair transplant
- 1.2 Additional aspects about surgery
- 1.3 When should the hair graft be chosen?
- 1.4 Can it also be undertaken in women?
- 2 Hair implant: techniques
- 3 Grafted hair care
- 3.1 What attention does the hair require after the FUE method?
- 3.2 What if the transplant has been done with the FUSS method?
- 4 Results of this surgery
A hair transplant is a surgical procedure aimed at combating alopecia in those who have certain hair loss problems, mainly those of the common or androgenic type.
What is the implant technique?
The technique used consists basically in obtaining the precise follicular units of the posterior and temporal area of the head, which are the most common donor areas, to subsequently transplant them into the recipient area. As a rule, the latter usually coincides with the upper area of the scalp.
However, and although it is not too frequent, it’s possible to perform a hair transplant from other parts of the body other than the head, such as the chest or abdomen. In the same way, it would also be feasible to undertake a capillary graft in other parts of the body: eyebrows, beard, etc.
These types of hair treatments are carried out using the patient's own hair - specifically, their denser areas - since it’s not possible to transplant the hair of another person. One of the positive consequences that derive from this fact is that there is no risk of rejection of the hair graft.
The topic of anesthesia in the capillary graft is a topic that tends to appear in any conversation related to this intervention.
Characteristics of hair transplant
The topic of anesthesia in the capillary graft is a topic that tends to appear in any conversation related to this intervention. As a general rule, the patient is given a local anesthetic, so they won’t feel any pain during the process.
Likewise, another of the comforts that surgery provides is determined by its ambulatory nature, so that hospitalization is not necessary for a hair transplant. Although it varies according to the technique used and the extension of the area to be treated, the duration of the micro implant varies between two and eight hours.
Additional aspects about surgery
Another fundamental aspect is to determine previously how many follicular units are needed for a hair graft. And, since the objective is to increase the density of the hair permanently, this permanence can be easily achieved, since the grafted hair doesn’t fall off after a hair transplant.
Capillary graft consists in obtaining the precise follicular units of the posterior and temporal area of the head.
In addition, it’s not strange that doubts appear about when the grafted hair grows, although the patient must have a certain serenity in this sense. Before you think, you will see how your image has experienced a remarkable improvement. And you can be sure that the hair graft has a natural appearance.
When should the hair graft be chosen?
Nowadays, the only truly effective method when dealing with hair loss is hair transplantation. Even if the receptor area is depopulated for reasons unrelated to the action of androgenetic alopecia. For example, a hair micro implant could be performed on scars resulting from:
- Accidents or traumas suffered by the patient.
- Burns on the scalp due to any reason.
- Previous interventions, since there is also the option to correct a capillary graft.
Can it also be undertaken in women?
Hair loss affects nine out of ten men, so the ideal candidate for a hair transplant is male. And, although the proportion of females with baldness problems is almost negligible, there are occasions that, due to the psychic situation that could be generated, they require the practice of capillary grafting.
A capillary graft with the FUE technique is characterized by previously obtaining the necessary follicular units individually.
Hair implant: techniques
Nowadays, the most commonly used methods to extract the follicular units that will later be transplanted to the most unpopulated area are the following two:
FUE technique or individual extraction
A capillary graft with the FUE technique is characterized by previously obtaining the necessary follicular units individually. It’s a method that barely penetrates the organism, since it is not necessary to make incisions or suture the wound afterwards.
For this reason, the formation of scars after a hair graft with this technique requires a much shorter period. In addition, the anesthesia applied during the FUE procedure is local and its duration varies according to the amplitude of the receiving area.
Normally, ten or twelve hours are usually necessary to obtain around 2,000 follicular units, so mega capillary sessions are very useful in this regard. On the other hand, it has the disadvantage that the price of the hair transplant in a single session can be very high.
FUSS technique or strip method
Unlike the previous one, the capillary graft with the FUSS or strip technique is based on extracting a thin band of skin from the scalp and in which the precise follicular units will be found. Later, it will be prepared to be able to transplant them in the area affected by alopecia.
Hair loss affects nine out of ten men, so the ideal candidate for a hair transplant is male.
The duration of the surgery is six or seven hours and local anesthesia is also used, so the patient can be sure that a capillary graft that is attacked by this method is not painful.
However, it does have certain drawbacks, such as the poor flexibility of the scalp, one of the main limitations of hair transplantation, since it reduces the number of possible treatments with FUSS. Or that the recovery is more uncomfortable, so it increases the period of sick leave after a graft of hair of this nature.
Grafted hair care
In the days following the surgery, certain advice must be considered, provided by the surgeon, to ensure compliance with the patient's initial expectations, although these are different depending on the surgical procedure chosen.
What attention does the hair require after the FUE method?
First of all, and since the final results of the FUE technique will largely depend on the postoperative care that is dedicated to the transplanted hair, it’s essential to know, in advance, how to choose a surgeon for a hair transplant, since it will be he who establishes the follow up process for the patient after surgery.
Once the appropriate professional has been selected, the intervention has been performed and after 24 hours, it’s advisable to apply with care, six to eight times a day, saline solution in the operated area. We already know how alopecia affects grafted hair, but an inadequate manipulation of this area could cause a partial hair loss.
What if the transplant has been done with the FUSS method?
The first care of grafted hair in case of using the technique of the strip will focus on the application of a cream on the patient's head throughout the initial 48 hours. After this period, the bandage will be removed and the wound will be cleaned with soap and water, once a day and for a week and a half.
New hair that has been grafted in that area will remain forever.
The FUSS procedure requires the use of stitches, so these should remain, at all times, clean of any impurity that prevents the proper formation of scars. In addition, in this way, the likelihood of any of the dreaded risks of capillary graft appearing decreases.
Results of this surgery
Even if a hair micrografting is carried out, the hair that resisted in the receiving area of the scalp before beginning the surgical procedure will end up lost, since its genetic structure determines it. In contrast, new hair that has been grafted in that area will remain forever.
For this reason, it is vitally important that, before the first manifestations of baldness, the subject visit an expert to assess their situation, estimate if it’s a good candidate to go through the operating room and determine if it really is the ideal time for a capillary transplant, being able to initiate the treatment as soon as possible.