- 1 Hair transplant in Barcelona, what techniques are there?
- 2 Suitable candidates for a hair transplant in Barcelona
- 3 How is the hair transplant done?
- 4 Risks of hair transplant in Barcelona
Hair graft surgery in Barcelona consists in the extraction of hair from the areas of the head in which the hair does not fall, to implant it in the depopulated parts of the same scalp. The success of the intervention is guaranteed when the risk of rejection of the transplant is completely ruled out, since as donor and recipient they coincide in the same person, the organism does not perceive the graft as foreign. Therefore, it is discouraged to make the micrograft with follicular units of other people. In addition, this also makes the grafted hair look totally natural.
Given its benefits, hair grafting is currently the treatment against alopecia preferred by people suffering from hair loss problems. In fact, in recent years hair surgery has become very popular, revealing numerous cases of celebrities who have undergone this technique.
Hair transplant in Barcelona, what techniques are there?
To carry out a hair graft surgery in Barcelona you can opt for two techniques: FUE or FUSS
It should be noted that the main difference between the FUE technique and the FUSS method lies in the procedure followed to obtain the hair follicles that will be transplanted and that will serve to repopulate the bald areas of the head.
Among the different techniques of hair grafting, the FUE (Follicular Unit Extraction) method is one of the most demanded and accepted by patients, since it is a procedure with numerous benefits.
This procedure is carried out under local anesthesia and is mainly characterized by individually obtaining the follicles from the donor area (usually from the nape), using a millimeter precision tool. One of its most outstanding advantages is that it does not leave scars, as long as it does not exceed a maximum amount of extracted follicles. On the other hand, one of its disadvantages would be the need to shave the donor area to facilitate the extraction of the hair.
A variant of the FUE technique would be the robotic, that is, the one that uses the help of a robot to facilitate and accelerate the task of obtaining the follicular units.
For its part, the FUSS technique (Follicular Unit Strip Surgery) or, as it is popularly known, 'Technique of the strip', allows to obtain the necessary follicular units through the extraction of a thin strip of skin with hair. Then, follicular hair is taken, composed of follicle units, sweat, dermal pallia, sebaceous gland and subcutaneous fat.
So, the FUSS technique or the strip would be defined as a microsurgery, performed by a specialist and under local anesthesia, through which hair follicles are extracted from an area of skin with hair, from a minimal incision in the scalp of the lateral or posterior areas of the head. Thus, a strip of approximately 15 or 20 cm in length and 1 cm in width obtained from a thin band of skin with hair is obtained from the donor area.
Through this procedure of capillary grafting in Barcelona hundreds of hair follicles are achieved, without the need to shave the head. Of course, the main drawback is that a scar is left more visible than with the FUE technique, although this will be hidden under the hair.
After having the strip, specialists will separate the follicles individually and classify them in relation to the amount of hair they contain (one, two, three, etc.). Afterwards, a suitable number of said units are deposited with microsurgical forceps in the depopulated area to be treated, having previously delivered local anesthesia.
The FUE technique is the most popular in the capillary graft in Barcelona.
Suitable candidates for a hair transplant in Barcelona
Although their results are excellent, it must also be said that capillary micrografting techniques also have limitations. The main one is that not all people or all types of alopecia are suitable for this procedure.
In general terms, one of the main premises that hair surgeons defend in relation to the patient that is going to undergo a hair transplant is that it has to enjoy a good state of health. But in addition to this there are other factors that intervene in the quality of the results.
Is there a recommended age?
First, an important factor is the age of the person. In particular, it is necessary to assess whether the patient is at the right time to perform a hair transplant, keeping in mind that those between 18 and 25 years of age cannot identify themselves as ideal candidates. This is so because at those ages it is considered that alopecia is still too incipient and it is difficult for the surgeon to anticipate what his progression will be.
In this sense, specialists warn that resorting to capillary grafting at too young ages could give deficient and unnatural results or, for example, poor hair distribution. In other cases, it may happen that over the years it is necessary to undergo a new intervention.
However, with respect to the age to perform the hair implant, it can also be said that for people who wish to resort to this technique before the age of 25, the most recommended procedure would be the FUE, since it allows a greater precision at the time of extract and transplant the follicular units. It could be said that there is no minimum age for capillary grafting with FUE.
Finally, it should also be emphasized that the results will be better the less advanced the alopecia is. Therefore, if a person suffers from hair loss it is advisable to go to a specialist to study the problem before reaching 30 years, to avoid progression to baldness.
Hair graft in men and women
Hair graft in Barcelona is a method that does not require hospitalization.
On the other hand, it is inevitable to establish a difference between alopecia that affects men and that which affects women. The first thing to say is that the fall pattern differs according to the gender of the person, so that, while males lose hair in delimited areas of the head (entrances and crown); in women, hair loss is more dispersed, which in most cases results in a weakening of the hair and a loss of density.
Therefore, practically all men can be considered suitable for hair transplant in Barcelona, while women who would be ideal candidates are scarce. In fact, only those who suffer an abundant and easily localizable loss of hair (characteristic of the male fall pattern) are.
Despite these limitations, we must insist on the fact that compared to many other treatments against hair loss, such as anti-hair loss medicines or innovative treatments (such as Platelet Rich Plasma (PRP Hair), Biostimulation, Laser Capillary, the use of stem cells for alopecia, among others), hair grafting remains the only definitive formula to recover hair and curb baldness.
Consult a good hair specialist
Before the hair transplant surgery, the patient has to be examined by the responsible hair surgeon. In the case that you are a good candidate to submit the intervention. It is highly recommended that, to avoid risks, it is essential to visit the dermatologist, to recommend the best treatment adapted to the following aspects:
- The specific needs of the patient.
- The type of hair
- Reasons that can affect capillary health: poor diet, stress, etc.
- Other problems.
How is the hair transplant done?
Regardless of the technique of capillary grafting that is used, the procedure consists of three differentiated phases. In general terms, one could speak of the following stages.
Before the intervention, the patient will go through a previous consultation in which the specialist will clearly delimit the donor area and the recipient. In addition, in the case of the FUE technique, the hair will be shaved to facilitate the task of extracting the follicles.
Likewise, prior to this, the patient is given local anesthesia both in the donor and recipient areas, in addition to an intravenous analgesic, to keep it slightly sedated and not present any alteration during the procedure. Thanks to this, the intervention will not be painful or annoying.
The capillary graft in Barcelona is the most effective solution against alopecia.
Placement of the grafts
When the extraction of follicles has already been done and these have been grouped based on the amount of hair they have, the next step will be their implantation in the area with baldness. The follicles with the largest number of hairs (three and four) will be grafted in the area in which a higher density is intended.
On the other hand, those follicles with two hairs will be placed in the transition zones, while those with a single hair will be reserved to be implanted in the line where the hair begins.
For implantation, the surgeon will perform millimeter-sized incisions in which follicular units will be introduced individually. Tweezers of big precision are going to be used. The process could last several hours, depending on the number of follicular units needed to achieve the desired result.
After a period after the surgery (approximately two hours), the patient will be discharged and will continue with the recovery in their own home, since the hair graft in Barcelona is a technique that does not require hospitalization. Neither will it be necessary to use any bandage, only a band will be put on the head to prevent the inflammation from going down to the face.
The first days after the capillary surgery, the patient should save some rest and follow a series of indications so that recovery is good. In short patient will begin to see the first changes in the scalp:
The hair graft in Barcelona is the only treatment against alopecia that offers permanent results.
- The first 48 hours it is normal to have some inflammation in the forehead and in the receiving area of the head. This swelling usually disappears after 4 or 5 days, and should not be more complicated.
- Next to the grafts will appear a tiny scab that will disappear by itself after about 15 days. To disguise this, the patient can cover his head with a cap, for example.
- In case of having sutures (if the FUSS technique was performed), these will be removed in about two weeks.
- The transplanted hair will fall between three weeks and one month after surgery. Then it will start to grow new hair.
- To see the final results of the hair transplant in ..., it will be necessary to wait until at least six months have passed since the intervention. Then the hair will have an approximate length of 2 or 3 centimeters. Although, after a year can be appreciated even better.
Risks of hair transplant in Barcelona
Although it is a very safe procedure, the hair graft does not stop being a surgical operation and, as such, there are some possible risks involved.
Among the most common are bleeding, infection, swelling, itching, poor healing or an unsightly aspect. These are mild contraindications that, if they occur, with adequate care do not entail greater danger for the patient who undergoes capillary grafting in Barcelona.